Stalin was a man of action in a slightly different sense than was Lenin. But the former is explained by commercial motives and the latter is a vestige of earlier ideologically-based rivalries.
Russia still lagged far behind the West, and Stalin and the majority of the Communist party felt that the New Economic Policy was not only compromising Communist ideals, but was not producing satisfactory economic performance or contributing to the creation of the envisaged Socialist society.
However, How leninism policies led to stalinism in russian history praised Stalin for leading the Soviet Union and the international proletariat, defeating fascism in Germany and his anti-revisionism.
Under these circumstances it seemed intolerable to a large part of this population that it should be ruled by an anachronistic military regime while Japan, only a decade or so ahead in economic terms, had parliamentary institutions for over forty years. It was also necessary to establish industry capable of producing armaments of sufficient quantity and quality to fight a modern war.
Stalin labeled tolerance inside the Party to those who disagreed with the official Party line as "rotten liberalism," and claimed that such tolerance would weaken the Party and eventually lead to its destruction, making occasional purges necessary.
To face these efforts and protect the cause, it was argued, the state must be strong. Lenin viewed the ban on factions and opposition parties only as a preliminary measure, and a distortion of the Communist ideology.
The materialist bias of modern thought is characteristic not only of people on the Left who may be sympathetic to Marxism, but of many passionate anti-Marxists as well. Gorbachev and his lieutenants seem to understand the economic logic of marketization well enough, but like the leaders of a Third World country facing the IMF, are afraid of the social consequences of ending consumer subsidies and other forms of dependence on the state sector.
Whilst all other October Revolution Bolchevik leaders regarded their revolution more or less just as the beginning, they saw Russia as the leapboard on the road towards the World Wide Revolution, Stalin eventually introduced the idea of Socialism in One Country by the autumn of Millions more estimated at from 7 million to 15 million were sent to the forced-labour camps that Stalin made an integral part of the Soviet economy.
According to Marxist theory, Socialism could only exist in a highly industrialized state, where the overwhelming majority of the population were workers.
How will the overall characteristics of a de-ideologized world differ from those of the one with which we are familiar at such a hypothetical juncture.
South Korea had developed into a modern, urbanized society with an increasingly large and well-educated middle class that could not possibly be isolated from the larger democratic trends around them.
FAILURE to understand that the roots of economic behavior lie in the realm of consciousness and culture leads to the common mistake of attributing material causes to phenomena that are essentially ideal in nature. Gradually, the history of revolution was transformed to a story about just two key characters: Another 20 million were victims of imprisonment, exile, and forced relocation.
On the on the contrary, all these countries had returned to Bourgeoisie ruling. Collectivization brought about drastic social changes, on a scale not seen since the abolition of serfdom inand relieved the peasants of control over the land and its produce.
It is Joseph Stalin who codified the body of ideas that, under the name of Marxism-Leninism, constituted the official doctrine of the Soviet and eastern European communist parties.
The anti—Trotsky campaign culminated in the executions official and unofficial of the Moscow Trials —which were part of the Great Purge of Old Bolsheviks who had led the Revolution. At present, no more than 20 percent of its economy has been marketized, and most importantly it continues to be ruled by a self-appointed Communist party which has given no hint of wanting to devolve power.
That profit must be replaced with a value like utility indicates the cogency of the idealist perspective. It was therefore felt necessary to increase the pace of industrialisation in order to catch up with the West. Conversely, Trotsky held that socialism in one country would economically constrain the industrial development of the Soviet Union and thus required assistance from the new socialist countries that had arisen in the developed world—which was essential for maintaining Soviet democracy—in much undermined by civil war and counter-revolution.
Economic Statistics do not begin to describe the dynamism, initiative, and openness evident in China since the reform began. Modern liberalism itself was historically a consequence of the weakness of religiously-based societies which, failing to agree on the nature of the good life, could not provide even the minimal preconditions of peace and stability.
He lamented that whereas Stalin had long since fallen in the estimation of many Soviet minds the many who agreed with de-Stalinization"Lenin was the last bastion" in his mind to fall and the fall was the most painful, given the secular apotheosis of Lenin that all Soviet children grew up with.
At the root of Leninist authoritarianism was a distrust of spontaneity, a conviction that historical events, if left to themselves, would not bring the desired outcome—i.
Many historians assert that the disruption in agriculture caused by collectivization was largely responsible for major famines. The Stalin cult was a central element of Stalinism, and as such it was one of the most salient features of Soviet rule But it is not clear that nationalism rep resents an irreconcilable contradiction in the heart of liberalism.
However, after the failure of the revolution in Germany, Stalin reasoned that industrializing and consolidating Bolshevism in Russia would best serve the proletariat in the long run. It is certainly true that a very large degree of conflict since the Battle of Jena has had its roots in nationalism.
As part of the struggle against those whom he considered political rivals, Stalin identified political opposition with treason and used this as a weapon in his struggle against Leon Trotsky and Nikolay I. Persons opposed to these new dogmas were accused of treason to the party.
Ideologically, left communists present their perspective and approach as more authentically Marxist and more oriented to the proletariat than it is the Leninism of the Communist International at their first and second congresses. Still others saw in Stalinism an irrevocable Soviet break with the ideals of the Revolution.
Once power was in Bolshevik hands, the party leadership gladly left to Stalin tasks involving the dry details of party and state administration.
This necessitated an increase in grain production, and made industrialization dependant on the work of the peasants. Ghodseeethnographer and Professor of Russian and East European Studies at the University of Pennsylvaniaposits that the triumphalist attitudes of Western powers at the end of the Cold War and in particular the fixation with linking all socialist political ideals with the excesses of Stalinism marginalized the left's response to the fusing of democracy with neoliberal ideology, which helped undermine the former.
Jan 02, · So the connection between the Leninism and the Stalinism rooted in the reality, and in the conception of dictatura of proletariat (a Marxist heritage, principle of the worker-Socialism).
Leninism is the political theory for the organisation of a revolutionary vanguard party and the achievement of a dictatorship of the proletariat as political prelude to the establishment of socialism.
Developed by and named for the Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, Leninism comprises socialist political and economic theories, developed from Marxism and Lenin's interpretations of Marxist. Stalinism is the name given to the political and economic system which Joseph Stalin implemented in the Soviet Union between andwhile he was General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
It includes a command economy, an extensive use of propaganda to establish a.
Leninism/Stalinism. STUDY. PLAY. the revolution against the Czarist government which led to the abdication of Nicholas II and the creation of a provisional government in March World History Exam Vocab: Russian Revolution.
Soviet Union and Communism Terms. 42 terms. Russian Revolution (History 12). Leninism is the political theory for the organisation of a revolutionary vanguard party and the achievement of a dictatorship of the proletariat as political prelude to the establishment of socialism.
Developed by and named for the Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, Leninism comprises socialist political and economic theories, developed from.
Leninism: Leninism, principles expounded by Vladimir I. Lenin, who was the preeminent figure in the Russian Revolution of Whether Leninist concepts represented a contribution to or a corruption of Marxist thought has been debated, but their influence on the subsequent development of communism in the.How leninism policies led to stalinism in russian history